Topics

Body-related attentional bias as mediator of the relationship between body mass index and body dissatisfaction.

08:00 EDT 10th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Body-related attentional bias as mediator of the relationship between body mass index and body dissatisfaction."

Body image disturbance, consisting of an affective (body dissatisfaction) and perceptual (body distortion) component, is not only found in eating disorders, but is also present in healthy individuals, affecting their psychological well-being and everyday life. A higher body mass index is associated with higher body dissatisfaction, whereas results in relation to body distortion are mixed. Furthermore, body dissatisfaction is associated with a weight-related attentional bias. This study aimed to investigate the mediating role of a weight-related attentional bias in the relationship between body mass index and body image disturbance. Forty-one college women took part in a virtual reality and eye tracking procedure, in which the illusion of owning a virtual avatar with their body measurements was induced. During this procedure, body-related attentional bias was measured and afterwards body image disturbance was assessed. Mediation analysis revealed that weight-related attentional bias mediated the relationship between body mass index and body dissatisfaction (but not distortion). These findings suggest that modifying weight-related attentional bias would be a useful treatment target for improving body dissatisfaction. In addition, virtual reality technology could serve as an innovative method for modifying attentional bias in an ecologically valid way.
HIGHLIGHTS:
This Virtual Reality and Eye-Tracking study expands our knowledge about the relation between body mass index, body-related attention and body image disturbances. The results suggest that attentional bias towards weight-related body parts mediates the relation between BMI and body dissatisfaction. On the contrary, the relation between BMI and body distortion was not significant.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: European eating disorders review : the journal of the Eating Disorders Association
ISSN: 1099-0968
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [22181 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Body image in and out of the lab: Correspondence between lab-based attentional bias data and body shape dissatisfaction experiences in daily life.

Accumulating lab-based studies have identified attentional biases in processing of negative appearance-related information among individuals with elevated trait body shape and weight dissatisfaction (...

A bifactor analysis of the Weight Bias Internalization Scale: What are we really measuring?

Internalized weight stigma (IWS) has been linked with disordered eating behavior, both directly, and as a mediator of the relationship between experienced weight stigma and maladaptive coping. However...

Cerebrospinal fluid opening pressure: The effect of body mass index and body composition.

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is strongly related to obesity. The relationship between intracranial pressure, body mass index (BMI), percentage body fat and distribution of body fat in no...

Body image in older women: a mediator of BMI and wellness behaviors.

Negative body image is prevalent among mid- and late-life women. In younger women, negative body image is associated with reduced quality of life (QOL) when controlling for body mass index (BMI), and ...

Event-related EEG oscillations in Body Dysmorphic Disorder.

Patients with Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) exhibit differential attentional mechanisms compared to healthy subjects. The exact nature of this differentiation is unclear. To this end, EEG responses t...

Clinical Trials [15719 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Attentional Bias Modification Training for People With Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain

Chronic musculoskeletal pain is a complex medical condition associated with significant distress, disability, and reduction in quality of life. Research has shown that patients with chron...

Using Attentional Bias Modification to Address Trauma Symptoms

Threat-related attentional biases have been identified as a possible precursor to the onset and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). As a result, protocols such as Attentio...

Attentional Bias Modification in Patients With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Randomized, placebo-controlled trial of 9 sessions of computerized attentional bias training on attentional bias and on symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Using Attention Training to Reduce Adolescents' Anxious Symptoms

During adolescence, youth undergo rapid developmental change and in some cases experience increases in worries and fearfulness, although the mechanisms that underlie this change are unclea...

Repetitive Thinking in FibroMyalgia and Attentional Bias

Theoretical models of chronic pain hypothesize a privileged treatment of pain-related information that would be the basis of avoidance behaviors in chronic pain. This privileged treatment,...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

An increased focus or awareness of certain stimuli over others, which influence behavior.

The relation between the mind and the body in a religious, social, spiritual, behavioral, and metaphysical context. This concept is significant in the field of alternative medicine. It differs from the relationship between physiologic processes and behavior where the emphasis is on the body's physiology ( = PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY).

The relation between the mind and the body in a religious, social, spiritual, behavioral, and metaphysical context. This concept is significant in the field of alternative medicine. It differs from the relationship between physiologic processes and behavior where the emphasis is on the body's physiology ( = PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY).

The wounding of the body or body parts by branding, cutting, piercing (BODY PIERCING), or TATTOOING as a cultural practice or expression of creativity or identity.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...


Searches Linking to this Article