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Atopic Dermatitis: Update on Pathogenesis and Therapy.

07:00 EST 1st March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Atopic Dermatitis: Update on Pathogenesis and Therapy."

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most common inflammatory skin condition in pediatric patients. AD has long been associated with comorbidities including food allergies, asthma, and allergic rhinitis, but recent literature has expanded this list to include attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and depression. AD has tremendous impact on quality of life for both affected children and their families. Improved understanding of AD pathogenesis, particularly regarding skin barrier dysfunction, the role of the cutaneous microbiome, and immune dysregulation, has spawned exciting new therapeutic directions. Although good skin care and appropriate use of topical corticosteroids remain first-line treatment, more precisely targeted treatments hold great promise. A recently approved topical phosphodiesterase inhibitor, crisaborole, and a subcutaneously administered interleukin-4/interleukin-13 blocker, dupilumab, are the first of what will likely be many new treatment options for patients with AD. [Pediatr Ann. 2020;49(3):e140-e146.].

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Pediatric annals
ISSN: 1938-2359
Pages: e140-e146

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A disseminated vesicular-pustular eruption caused by the herpes simplex virus (HERPESVIRUS HOMINIS), the VACCINIA VIRUS, or Varicella zoster (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). It is usually superimposed on a preexisting, inactive or active, atopic dermatitis (DERMATITIS, ATOPIC).

The widespread involvement of the skin by a scaly, erythematous dermatitis occurring either as a secondary or reactive process to an underlying cutaneous disorder (e.g., atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, etc.), or as a primary or idiopathic disease. It is often associated with the loss of hair and nails, hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles, and pruritus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

Antigens from the house dust mites (DERMATOPHAGOIDES), mainly D. farinae and D. pteronyssinus. They are proteins, found in mite feces or mite extracts, that can cause ASTHMA and other allergic diseases such as perennial rhinitis (RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, PERENNIAL) and atopic dermatitis (DERMATITIS, ATOPIC). More than 11 groups of Dermatophagoides ALLERGENS have been defined. Group I allergens, such as Der f I and Der p I from the above two species, are among the strongest mite immunogens in humans.

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