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Infestations and arthropod bite reactions in children are common reasons for presentation to pediatric health care providers. Infestations in children include head lice, scabies, and other mites. Fleas and bed bugs are common causes of bite reactions in children, and papular urticaria is a chronic, recurrent eruption resulting from delayed hypersensitivity to a variety of insect bites. Both infestations and bite reactions may result in severe pruritus with associated sleep disturbance and can be a source of significant distress for patients and families. In this review, we discuss infestations and bite reactions affecting pediatric patients, along with the approach to treatment and prevention of these conditions. [Pediatr Ann. 2020;49(3):e124-e131.].
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pediatric annals
Insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) is the most common seasonal pruritic allergic dermatitis of horses occurring upon insect bites. In recent years, a major role for IL-31 in allergic pruritus of human...
The incidence of dengue, Zika, chikungunya, yellow fever and malaria cases has increased significantly in the world. To avoid mosquito bites, one of the best strategies is the use of repellents. The i...
Dog bites are frequent reason for consultation in pediatrics emergency department. Despite in our environment dog bites are rarely lethal, some of these accidents can have serious aesthetics consequen...
The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of patients presenting to a pediatric emergency department in a rural province of Turkey due to horse and donkey bites and to analyze whether t...
In addition to its primary function as an insect repellent, DEET has many "off-label" properties, including a deterrent effect on the attraction of gravid female mosquitoes. DEET negatively affects ov...
Musca sorbens, a fly that feeds from ocular and nasal discharge on humans, is thought to be the vector of trachoma. We are developing methods of fly control that specifically target this s...
Background: Mosquitoes and similar insects called sand flies carry parasites that can cause diseases. These viruses and parasites can spread quickly and be difficult to control. How peopl...
This study evaluates the length of time an insect repellent product can protect against three species of ticks. Participants will have one arm treated with the repellent, and throughout th...
Insecticide Treated Nets (ITN's) offer good protection against malaria in Africa where the vector mosquitoes feed indoors late at night. However, in other parts of the world like South Am...
Purpose While there is strong evidence that permethrin treated clothing prevents insect bites there is insufficient evidence from trials to demonstrate a reduction in infections. The evid...
Free-standing or supported light weight meshwork fabric made of cotton, silk, polyester or other material having openings too small to allow entry of mosquitoes or other insects, thereby protecting against INSECT BITES; INSECT STINGS, and insect-borne diseases.
Bites and stings inflicted by insects.
Substances causing insects to turn away from them or reject them as food.
Two-ring crystalline hydrocarbons isolated from coal tar. They are used as intermediates in chemical synthesis, as insect repellents, fungicides, lubricants, preservatives, and, formerly, as topical antiseptics.
Genus in the Lamiaceae family. VOLATILE OILS from several species of Pogostemon are used in PERFUME; INSECT REPELLENTS; and ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
The World Health Organization (WHO) definition of sexual health; "the state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being related to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction and infirmity. Sexual health requires a posit...
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...