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Reinstitution of mechanical ventilation (MV) for tracheostomized patients after successful weaning may occur as the care setting changes from critical care to general care. We aimed to investigate the occurrence, consequence and associated factors of MV reinstitution.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
Tidal expiratory flow limitation (tidal-EFL) is not completely avoidable by applying positive end-expiratory pressure and may cause respiratory and hemodynamic complications in ventilated patients wit...
Mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E) is recommended for subjects of all ages with neuromuscular disorders (NMDs) and weak cough. There is a lack of knowledge on the optimal treatment settings f...
Pneumoperitoneum and steep Trendelenburg during laparoscopic prostatectomy shift the diaphragm cephalad and cause atelectasis in the dorsal lungsThe ability of positive end-expiratory pressure to miti...
Ventilator-induced lung injury results from a complex interaction of physical variables involved in mechanical ventilation (tidal volume, respiratory rate [RR], positive end-expiratory pressure [PEEP]...
The optimal method for respiratory muscle endurance (RME) assessment remains unclear. This study assessed the test-retest reliability of two RME-test methodologies. Fifteen healthy adults attended the...
The purpose of this study is to collect physiologic data from patients with severe brain injury who require mechanical ventilation in order to describe the impact of ventilation, specifica...
The purpose of this study is to understand the relationship between intracranial pressure and airway pressures during mechanical ventilation. This is a single-center, prospective cohort st...
The investigator will compare the feasibility of manual ventilation and pressure-controlled mechanical ventilation during facemask ventilation in children. The hypothesis is that the incid...
The overall objective of the study is to conduct an observational study involving intensive care unit patients receiving mechanical ventilation and determine if there are differences in di...
Although positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) has been widely used in mechanical ventilated patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), how to select the "optimal" PEEP is...
A respiratory function test that includes the maximal inspiratory pressure and maximal expiratory pressure. It is determined by SPIROMETRY that measures the patient's RESIDUAL VOLUME and TOTAL LUNG CAPACITY and assesses the strength of RESPIRATORY MUSCLES.
Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)
Techniques for effecting the transition of the respiratory-failure patient from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation, while meeting the criteria that tidal volume be above a given threshold (greater than 5 ml/kg), respiratory frequency be below a given count (less than 30 breaths/min), and oxygen partial pressure be above a given threshold (PaO2 greater than 50mm Hg). Weaning studies focus on finding methods to monitor and predict the outcome of mechanical ventilator weaning as well as finding ventilatory support techniques which will facilitate successful weaning. Present methods include intermittent mandatory ventilation, intermittent positive pressure ventilation, and mandatory minute volume ventilation.
Curves depicting MAXIMAL EXPIRATORY FLOW RATE, in liters/second, versus lung inflation, in liters or percentage of lung capacity, during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination. Common abbreviation is MEFV.
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
Palliative care is the active holistic care of patients with advanced progressive illness. Management of pain and other symptoms and provision of psychological, social and spiritual support is paramount. The goal of palliative care is achievement of the ...