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E-cigarettes and their impact on health: from pharmacology to clinical implications.

08:00 EDT 10th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "E-cigarettes and their impact on health: from pharmacology to clinical implications."

Worldwide, cigarette smoking is a major cause of premature mortality and diseases that can be prevented. Given that people continue smoking despite the health risks, delivering nicotine without combustion should be considered a valuable and much less harmful way to reduce public health burden caused by smoking. E-cigarettes could play such a role if they are proved to be less harmful than combustible cigarettes. Although the number of clinical trials and human studies assessing safety of e-cigarettes is limited, numerous in vitro and in vivo studies reported the potential harmful effects of aerosol generated from e-cigarettes. This article reviews results of major clinical trials and laboratory studies with regard to cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory risk of e-cigarettes. Additionally, it also discusses the potential application of e-cigarettes as smoking cessation tools. Most studies so far indicated that e-cigarettes are less harmful, but this applies only to smokers who completely switched to e-cigarettes. In the opinion of the authors, good quality research is important to establish the tolerance, safety, efficacy, and harm reduction potential of new technologies. Considering a significant role that physicians and other health providers play in helping smokers, there is an urgent need for evidence-based guidelines and recommendations for clinical practitioners on potential benefits and risks of e-cigarette use.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Polish archives of internal medicine
ISSN: 1897-9483
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