Dientamoeba fragilis in children: A systematic review on diagnostic considerations and efficacy of treatment.

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Summary of "Dientamoeba fragilis in children: A systematic review on diagnostic considerations and efficacy of treatment."

: The presence of in feces is characterized by asymptomatic carrier ship to a spectrum of gastrointestinal symptoms. However, a causal relationship remains to be elucidated. In this systematic review we aimed to evaluate the relationship between eradication of and symptoms to establish the strength of evidence that in symptomatic children warrants antibiotic treatment.: This systematic review covers a challenge in daily clinical practice. Is it necessary to test for in children with gastrointestinal symptoms and does a positive fecal PCR test warrant treatment?: Testing for seems justified in a selection of children with persistent unexplained chronic abdominal pain and diarrhea. Treatment of should be withhold until other causes like celiac disease have been excluded. Both microscopic and Real Time-PCR methods (or a combination of the two) can be used for diagnosis. Paromomycin or clioquinol are antibiotics of choice based on their small spectrum of activity, fewer side effects and better eradication rates than metronidazole. Future randomized studies, with strict inclusion criteria, appropriate diagnostic testing and doses of antibiotics based on bodyweight are warranted.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Expert review of gastroenterology & hepatology
ISSN: 1747-4132


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