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: Effective medicines exist to address leading global health challenges including Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) and Noncommunicable Diseases (NCD) however these are often unavailable and unaffordable. To date little literature exists comparing medicine unavailability across broad disease areas.: Using insulin and praziquantel as useful tracer medicines this review aims to demonstrate that separating global health governance agendas for NCDs and NTDs ultimately impacts the effectiveness of coalitions for access for the poorest populations. Electronic literature searches were performed (March-May 2017 and updated in September - December 2019) using key words from Shiffman's framework of four challenges global health face (problem, coalition, priority, governance) for NCD and NTD and for each medicine through Science Direct, PubMed and Google Scholar. Best practice from each area was analyzed.: Many actors responded to the London Declaration which reinforced praziquantel's central role in control and elimination of schistosomiasis whereas access to affordable insulin emerged secondary to framing around prevention and management of diabetes. For insulin key stakeholders are not aligned around access and the position taken by pharmaceutical companies as donors versus commercial actors was critical to sustainable affordable access to these medicines. Integrated access models for low resource populations need shared pathways given the increasing need for available and affordable essential medicines in the context of Universal Health Coverage.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Expert review of clinical pharmacology
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