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Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) are promising candidate for large-scale electric energy storage with abundant sodium resources. However, their development is challenged by the availability of satisfactory cathode materials with stable framework to accommodate the transportation of large-sized Na+ (1.02 Å), whose continuous insertion/extraction is easy to cause irreversible volumetric deformation in the crystalline material, leading to inevitable structural failure and capacity fading. Here, different from the previous synthesis efforts targeting at Na+ containing compounds, we unveil the possibility of achieving a highly reversible sodiation/desodiation process by resorting to a K+-based layered metal oxide formulated as K0.5Mn0.7Fe0.2Ti0.1O2 (KMFT), which is P2 type in structure with a wide interlayer spacing to sit K+ (1.38 Å). We demonstrate that an initial K+/Na+ exchange can introduce Na+ into the lattice while a small amount of K+ remains inside, which plays significant role in ensuring enlarged channels for a fast and stable Na+ diffusion. The KMFT electrode delivers a high initial discharge capacity of 147.1 mA g-1 at 10 mA g-1and outstanding long cycling stability with capacity retention of 71.5% after 1000 cycles at 500 mA g-1. This described results provides new design strategy for the development of stable SIBs cathodes to facilitate their future applications.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: ACS applied materials & interfaces
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An enzyme that catalyzes the active transport system of sodium and potassium ions across the cell wall. Sodium and potassium ions are closely coupled with membrane ATPase which undergoes phosphorylation and dephosphorylation, thereby providing energy for transport of these ions against concentration gradients.
A vacuum tube equipped with an electron emitting CATHODE and a fluorescent screen which emits visible light when excited by the cathode ray. Cathode ray tubes are used as imaging devises for TELEVISIONS; COMPUTER TERMINALS; TEXT TELECOMMUNICATION DEVICES; oscilloscopes; and other DATA DISPLAY devices.
Agents that inhibit SODIUM-POTASSIUM-CHLORIDE SYMPORTERS which are concentrated in the thick ascending limb at the junction of the LOOP OF HENLE and KIDNEY TUBULES, DISTAL. They act as DIURETICS. Excess use is associated with HYPOKALEMIA and HYPERGLYCEMIA.
A subclass of symporters that specifically transport SODIUM CHLORIDE and POTASSIUM CHLORIDE across cellular membranes in a tightly coupled process.
Generally speaking, it is the alkaline substance obtained from wood ashes by percolation. Preparations of lye can be solutions of either potassium or sodium hydroxide. The term lye, is also used to refer to the household product which is a mixture of sodium hydroxide and sodium carbonate.
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