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Taurine induces autophagy and inhibits oxidative stress in mice Leydig cells.

08:00 EDT 10th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Taurine induces autophagy and inhibits oxidative stress in mice Leydig cells."

This study evaluated taurine (TAU) effects on autophagy, apoptosis and oxidative stress in mice Leydig TM3 cells.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: JBRA assisted reproduction
ISSN: 1518-0557
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).

A multidomain protein that is highly conserved among multicellular organisms. It contains a ZZ-type ZINC FINGER domain, C-terminal UBIQUITIN - associated (UBA) domain, and interacts with many other signaling proteins and enzymes including, atypical PROTEIN KINASE C; TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTOR 6; subunits of the mTORC1 complex, and CASPASE-8. It functions in AUTOPHAGY as a receptor for the degradation of ubiquitinated substrates, and to co-ordinate signaling in response to OXIDATIVE STRESS.

The appearance of carbonyl groups (such as aldehyde or ketone groups) in PROTEINS as the result of several oxidative modification reactions. It is a standard marker for OXIDATIVE STRESS. Carbonylated proteins tend to be more hydrophobic and resistant to proteolysis.

A protein deglycase that repairs methylglyoxal- and glyoxal-glycated amino acids and proteins, releasing repaired proteins and lactate or glycolate. It deglycates CYSTEINE, ARGININE and LYSINE residues to reactivate proteins by reversing glycation and prevent the formation of ADVANCED GLYCATION END PRODUCTS. It protects cells against OXIDATIVE STRESS and CELL DEATH by functioning as an oxidative stress sensor and redox-sensitive MOLECULAR CHAPERONE and PROTEASE. Mutations in the PARK7 gene are associated with autosomal-recessive, early-onset PARKINSON DISEASE.

A direct-acting oxidative stress-inducing agent used to examine the effects of oxidant stress on Ca(2+)-dependent signal transduction in vascular endothelial cells. It is also used as a catalyst in polymerization reactions and to introduce peroxy groups into organic molecules.

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