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Dependence of biofilm-forming ability on the antibiotic sensitivity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical strains isolated from patients with chronic osteomyelitis.

07:00 EST 1st January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Dependence of biofilm-forming ability on the antibiotic sensitivity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical strains isolated from patients with chronic osteomyelitis."

Due to the spreading highly resistant strains among clinically significant P. aeruginosa clones, it becomes necessary to prescribe antibiotics not only taking into account the knowledge of sensitivity spectrum of a particular isolate but the data of microorganism biofilm activity as well. To study the dependence of biofilm-forming ability on the sensitivity to antibacterial preparations of P. aeruginosa clinical strains, isolated from patients with chronic osteomyelitis. 36 patients above 18 with chronic osteomyelitis of long tubular bones who were treated in the center of purulent osteology took part in the experiment. Object of the study - material isolated from wounds, fistulas, as well as from inflammatory foci. The sensitivity of isolated microorganisms to 10 antibiotics was analyzed: Piperacillin/Tazobactam, Imipenem, Meropenem, Aztreonam, Amikacin, Ciprofloxacin, Ceftriaxone, Ceftazidime, Cefotaxime, Cefepime. High- and medium-adhesive strains accounted for 86,1 % among P. aeruginosa clinical isolates, obtained from the wounds of patients with chronic osteomyelitis of long tubular bones. Highly adhesive strains are resistant to a wide range of antibacterial preparations used clinically. Penicillins were the most effective preparations when analyzing antibioticograms obtained for highly adhesive strains, for medium adhesive strains - penicillins, aminoglycosides and carbapenems, for low adhesive ones - aminoglycosides, penicillins, carbapenems, monobactams, quinolones. P. aeruginosa multi-resistance is a serious problem in the treatment of patients with chronic osteomyelitis. Spreading antibiotic-resistant strains of P. aeruginosa is associated with the presence of bacteria in the biofilm. Since adhesion is the first step in the biofilm formation, it is important to identify strains having high adhesive ability timely.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Klinicheskaia laboratornaia diagnostika
ISSN: 0869-2084
Pages: 37-41

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