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Three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds with interconnected, hierarchically structured pores, and biomimetic nanostructures are desirable for tissue engineering, where preparation with a facile and biocompatible strategy remains challenging. In the present work, an innovative porous microspheres-aggregated 3D PCL scaffold with macropores, micropores, and nanofibrous-like structures was fabricated through a one-pot thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) method without the use of any porogen or specific instruments. Importantly, the porosity, pore size, and mechanical properties of our scaffolds were tailorable through tuning of the polymer concentration. Interestingly, the bioactivity of our 3D PCL scaffolds was significantly improved, as abundant apatite-like layers were formed on the 3D porous scaffolds, while no obvious apatite was observed on the 2D flat PCL film. Moreover, the high surface area attributed to the hierarchical macro/micro/nanostructure enabled our 3D porous scaffold to serve as a drug delivery depot for sustained release of both small molecule drug (phenamil) and protein (BMP2). In addition to sustained drug release, the hierarchical structure and high mechanical properties also contribute to significantly improving BMP2-induced osteogenic differentiation. In summary, we developed a novel PCL porous scaffold through a facile, one-pot TIPS method and demonstrated its promising potential application in large bone defect repair.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials
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A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
Polymer of polytetrafluoroethylene and carbon filaments; porous biocompatible material used in orofacial and middle ear reconstruction and as coating for metal implants.
A gamma-emitting radionuclide imaging agent used for the diagnosis of diseases in many tissues, particularly in cardiovascular and cerebral circulation.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
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<!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->Drug delivery is the method or process of administering a pharmaceutical compound to achieve a therapeutic effect in humans or animals. <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->Drug delivery technologies are <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->patent pr...
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...