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Cytopathologist review of thyroid ultrasound (US) has been proposed to be useful in diagnosis and patient triage. This review explores the implications for practicing cytopathologists of integrating US review into the thyroid fine-needle aspiration diagnosis. At present, there is no agreed-upon system for combining cytologic and US features and communicating those results as a single report. If cytologists are performing tasks that require expertise in US interpretation, then they should know and be fully conversant with US interpretation. Whether cytologists performing aspirations require expertise in US interpretation is not clear. Regardless, cytologists should avoid using US results to alter their cytologic interpretations unless they clearly communicate that this is what they are doing. An evidence-based integrated reporting system that would allow cytologists to clearly explain to other physicians exactly how they reached their interpretation might provide value beyond current standard practice.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cancer cytopathology
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Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
Organizations representing designated geographic areas which have contracts under the PRO program to review the medical necessity, appropriateness, quality, and cost-effectiveness of care received by Medicare beneficiaries. Peer Review Improvement Act, PL 97-248, 1982.
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