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Prevalence of Pathogenic Variants in Cancer Susceptibility Genes Among Women With Postmenopausal Breast Cancer.

08:00 EDT 10th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Prevalence of Pathogenic Variants in Cancer Susceptibility Genes Among Women With Postmenopausal Breast Cancer."

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: JAMA
ISSN: 1538-3598
Pages: 995-997

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.

A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.

Naturally occurring genetic variations associated with drug response (e.g., dosage, extent and rate of metabolic processes). While these variants are not markers for GENETIC PREDISPOSITION TO DISEASE they influence PHARMACOKINETICS and pharmacodynamics and often occur on genes encoding drug metabolism enzymes and transporters (e.g., ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME; CYTOCHROME P-450 CYP2D6).

Retrovirus-associated DNA sequences (erbB) originally isolated from, or related to, the avian erythroblastosis virus (AEV). These genes code for the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family of receptors which is important in the control of normal cell proliferation and in the pathogenesis of human cancer. The genes include erbB-1 (GENES, ERBB-1), erbB-2 (GENES, ERBB-2), and erbB-3, all of which show abnormalities of expression in various human neoplasms.

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