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Synthesis, anticancer evaluation and molecular docking studies of new heterocycles linked to sulfonamide moiety as novel human topoisomerase types I and II poisons.

07:00 EST 6th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Synthesis, anticancer evaluation and molecular docking studies of new heterocycles linked to sulfonamide moiety as novel human topoisomerase types I and II poisons."

A series of heterocyclic compounds with a sulfonamide moiety were synthesized from reaction of enaminone 4 with active methylene compounds, glycine derivatives, 1,4-benzoquinone, hydroxylamine hydrochloride, hydrazonyl halides and dimethylacetylenedicarboxylate. The newly synthesized sulfonamide derivatives were characterized by FT-IR, H NMR, C NMR, mass spectroscopy, elemental analysis and alternative synthetic routes. The reactions products were evaluated for their antiproliferative activity against a panel of three different human cancerous cell lines, MCF-7 (breast), HepG-2 (liver) and HCT-116 (colon) and the results were deployed to derive the structure-activity relationships (SAR). Various test compounds were potent antiproliferative to cancerous cells; reaching very low micromolar levels, as in case of 21 which showed IC value of 6.2 μM against HepG-2 cell. In addition, treatment of cancerous cells with the synthesized compounds induced cell apoptosis and G2/M phase arrest evidenced by flow cytometric analysis. Furthermore, the activity of the synthesized compounds against TOP I and II were documented by DNA relaxation assays. Data revealed that compound 24 significantly interfered with TOP I- and II-mediated DNA relaxation, nicking and decatenation, with IC values 27.8 and 33.6 μM, respectively. Moreover, the molecular docking studies supported the results from enzymatic assays, where compound 24 was intercalated between nucleotides flanking the DNA cleavage site via pi-pi stacking and hydrophobic interactions. In conclusion, aromatic heterocycles linked to sulfonamides are excellent molecular frameworks amenable for optimization as dual TOP I and II poisons to control various human malignancies.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Bioorganic chemistry
ISSN: 1090-2120
Pages: 103725

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