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Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is emerging as a promising yet challenging target for drug discovery. To identify natural products as new prototypes for PTP1B inhibitors, we employed a hierarchical protocol combining ligand-based and structure-based approaches for virtual screening against natural product libraries. Twenty-six compounds were prioritized for enzymatic evaluation against PTP1B, and ten of them were recognized as potent PTP1B inhibitors with IC values at the micromolar level. Notably, nine compounds demonstrated evident selectivity to PTP1B over four other PTPs, including the most homologous T-cell protein tyrosine phosphatase (TCPTP). The results implicated that the structural uniqueness of the natural products might be a potential solution to the selectivity issue associated with the target PTP1B.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioorganic chemistry
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