Toward enhancing the separation and antifouling performance of thin-film composite nanofiltration membranes: A novel carbonate-based preoccupation strategy.

08:00 EDT 12th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Toward enhancing the separation and antifouling performance of thin-film composite nanofiltration membranes: A novel carbonate-based preoccupation strategy."

High-performance nanofiltration (NF) membranes with simultaneously improved antifouling and separation performance are of great significance for environmental water purification. In this work, a high-performance thin-film composite (TFC) NF membrane (TFC-Ca) was constructed through in-situ incorporation of calcium bicarbonate during interfacial reaction. The surface morphology and chemical structure of the TFC-Ca membrane were systematically investigated by FTIR, XPS, AFM, and SEM. The results indicated that the surface characteristics of the pristine NF membrane were greatly changed by the incorporation of calcium bicarbonate. The TFC-Ca membrane exhibited improved hydrophilicity, narrowed pore size, declined negative charge, and increased surface area. Compared to the control membrane, the TFC-Ca membrane possessed a much greater water permeability and higher molecule rejections. For the TFC-Ca membrane, an optimized water permeance of 13.4 ± 0.3 L m h bar with 99.9% NaSO rejection was obtained. Impressively, the TFC-Ca membrane exhibited excellent antifouling performance during 5 cycles of humic acid fouling tests. A satisfactory flux recovery up to 90.0% was achieved after physical cleaning for the optimized membrane. Furthermore, the TFC-Ca membrane also presented superior performance stability when treated with strong acid and chelating agents for 7 days. Overall, this facile preoccupation strategy via in-situ incorporation of calcium bicarbonate allows the fabrication of high-performance TFC membranes with outstanding separation and antifouling properties.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of colloid and interface science
ISSN: 1095-7103
Pages: 155-165


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