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circ_0000638 inhibits neodymium oxide-induced bronchial epithelial cell inflammation through the miR-498-5p/NF-κB axis.

08:00 EDT 18th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "circ_0000638 inhibits neodymium oxide-induced bronchial epithelial cell inflammation through the miR-498-5p/NF-κB axis."

Inhalation of neodymium oxide, a type of rare earth metal, can induce various respiratory diseases, such as lung tissue inflammation, but the associated mechanisms underlying this induction are still unclear. In this study, we explored the role and mechanisms of circular RNA in neodymium oxide-induced airway inflammation. Our study showed that treating human bronchial epithelial (16HBE) cells with neodymium oxide caused an inflammatory response by upregulating the expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analyses revealed significant downregulation of circRNA_0000638 in neodymium oxide-treated 16HBE cells. Data from functional analyses further showed that circ_0000638 inhibited inflammation induced by neodymium oxide in 16HBE cells. circ_0000638 targeted miR-498-5p and further increased the expression of NKRF (NF-κB repressing factor), which inhibited the activation of NF-κB (nuclear factor κB). Moreover, circ_0000638 reduced the expression of IL-8 and IL-1β by inhibiting NF-κB activation in neodymium oxide-treated 16HBE cells. These results suggest that circ_0000638 can inhibit NF-κB activation by competitively binding to miR-498-5p, further downregulating the expression of IL-8 and IL-1β in neodymium oxide-treated 16HBE cells.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Ecotoxicology and environmental safety
ISSN: 1090-2414
Pages: 110455

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