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The aim is to investigate the in vivo and in vitro killing effect of mesothelin chimeric antigen receptor T cells (MESO-CAR-T) in cervical squamous cell carcinoma. MESO-CAR-T cells were successfully constructed. In vitro verification of the killing effect of MESO-CAR-T cells was evaluated in the presence of SiHa cells by the lactate dehydrogenase release assay and cytokine release assay. The in vivo experiments were performed in immunodeficient NCG mice. After successful tumor formation with the subcutaneous implantation of SiHa cervical cancer cells, the injections of MESO-CAR-T cells into the tumors at different doses and frequencies were performed. Subsequently, the growth rate and size of the tumors in NCG mice were observed. A 17-fold increase in the number of MESO-CAR-T cells and a 16-fold increase in the number of Con-CAR-T cells were observed. The result of marker detection in the prepared MESO-CAR-T cells showed that CD3 T lymphocytes accounted for 97.0 % of all cells, indicating successful preparation of MESO-CAR-T cells. Expression of the membrane protein MESO was detected in 12.8 % of SiHa cells. When the ratio of MESO-CAR-T cells to SiHa cells was 20:1, the lysis of target cells was most significant and was observed in 22 % of the cells. In the presence of SiHa cells, the secretion of IL-4、IL-2、IL-5、TNF-α and IFN-γ in MESO-CAR-T cells was higher than that in the control group. The effect of two consecutive intratumoral injections of MESO-CAR-T cells was more obvious than that of one injection. The pharmacological effect of the injection was observed within 1 week. Our finding identified the certain in vivo and in vitro killing activity of MESO-CAR-T cells.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of reproductive immunology
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An integrin heterodimer widely expressed on cells of hematopoietic origin. CD11A ANTIGEN comprises the alpha chain and the CD18 antigen (ANTIGENS, CD18) the beta chain. Lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 is a major receptor of T-CELLS; B-CELLS; and GRANULOCYTES. It mediates the leukocyte adhesion reactions underlying cytolytic conjugate formation, helper T-cell interactions, and antibody-dependent killing by NATURAL KILLER CELLS and granulocytes. Intracellular adhesion molecule-1 has been defined as a ligand for lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1.
Cytolytic lymphocytes with the unique capacity of killing natural killer (NK)-resistant fresh tumor cells. They are INTERLEUKIN-2-activated NK cells that have no MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX restriction or need for antigen stimulation. LAK cells are used for ADOPTIVE IMMUNOTHERAPY in cancer patients.
Specific molecular sites on the surface of various cells, including B-lymphocytes and macrophages, that combine with IMMUNOGLOBULIN Gs. Three subclasses exist: Fc gamma RI (the CD64 antigen, a low affinity receptor), Fc gamma RII (the CD32 antigen, a high affinity receptor), and Fc gamma RIII (the CD16 antigen, a low affinity receptor).
A member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily that may play a role in the regulation of NF-KAPPA B and APOPTOSIS. It is found on activated T-LYMPHOCYTES; B-LYMPHOCYTES; NEUTROPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; MAST CELLS and NK CELLS. Overexpression of the Ki-1 antigen in hematopoietic malignancies make it clinically useful as a biological tumor marker. Signaling of the receptor occurs through its association with TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS.
The induction of prolonged survival and growth of allografts of either tumors or normal tissues which would ordinarily be rejected. It may be induced passively by introducing graft-specific antibodies from previously immunized donors, which bind to the graft's surface antigens, masking them from recognition by T-cells; or actively by prior immunization of the recipient with graft antigens which evoke specific antibodies and form antigen-antibody complexes which bind to the antigen receptor sites of the T-cells and block their cytotoxic activity.
Cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the cervix uteri or cervical area. Symptoms include vaginal bleeding, but may not present until later stages of the cancer. Cervical cancer can be treated using surgery (including local excision) in early stages...
There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma Basal cell carcinoma, or BCC, is a cancer of the basal cells at the bottom of the epidermis. It’s very common ...
An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity. This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...