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Antimicrobial peptides (AMP) with anticancer activity have drawn remarkable attention in modern treatments. However, long peptide length and protease instability are the most addressing factors, which hampers their further development as therapeutic agents. In view of this, herein, we designed and synthesized a series of AZT-based cationic small molecule incorporating a variety of hydrophobic groups and cationic charges, including amine and guanidine groups to mimic the amphipathic structure of AMPs. These compounds were evaluated for their antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Through an extensive structure activity relationship study (SAR), we identified ADG-2e as the most potent antibacterial agent, which exhibited remarkable potency against drug resistant bacterial strains such as MRSA and MDRPA. Further, ADG-2e was examined for their anti-metastatic ability by investigating the cancer cell migration and invasiveness through scratch wound-healing assay and transwell invasive assay, respectively. In addition, time-lapse cell tracking analysis also performed for analyzing the cell movement pattern. Treatment of ADG-2e against metastatic breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231) suppressed tumor cell migration by multi-directional lamellipodium formation, indicating their anti-metastatic potential. Thus, our cationic AZT based small molecules may evolve as an appealing class of antibacterial agents with anti-metastasis potential.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of medicinal chemistry
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Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.
A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)
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