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Fasciolosis is considered as an ongoing neglected zoonotic disease in tropical regions of the world, relating to notable financial and public health issues. The current systematic review and meta-analysis was planned to determine the status of fasciolosis among domestic ruminants, including cattle, buffalo, goat, and sheep at the industrial slaughterhouses in Iran, between the years 2000 and 2016. Eight databases, four English and four Persian, were searched. Our findings demonstrated that 2.6% of all inspected livers of slaughtered ruminants were infected with Fasciola spp. during 2000–2016. The mean prevalence of fasciolosis for cattle, buffalo, goat, and sheep was 21%, 4.2%, 2%, and 2.4%, respectively. Additionally, most studies were performed on cattle 25 (39.6%), sheep 24 (38 %), and goat 12 (19%), respectively, and just 2 (3.1%) studies were performed on buffalo. The prevalence of animal fasciolosis has significantly decreased among domestic ruminants in Iran except for cattle. In addition, the prevalence of this disease in Northern and Western regions of the country has remained at hypo-endemic level. The results present updated gathered information on the epidemiology of fasciolosis in domestic ruminants in Iran, and will expand the screening strategies to improve health and reduce economic impacts among farm animals.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of parasitology
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