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Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most common birth defect and are both clinically and genetically heterogeneous. Truncus arteriosus (TA), characterized by a single arterial vessel arising from both ventricles giving rise to the coronary, pulmonary and systemic arteries, is rare and only responsible for 1% of all CHD. Two consanguineous families with TA were previously identified to have homozygous nonsense variants within the gene NKX2-6. NKX2-6 is a known downstream target of TBX1, an important transcriptional regulator implicated in the cardiac phenotype of 22q11.2 microdeletion syndrome. Herein, we report two siblings with TA presumably caused by compound heterozygous NKX2-6 variants without a history of consanguinity. Two in-house cohorts with conotruncal defects (CTD) were sequenced for variants in NKX2-6 and no additional cases of biallelic NKX2-6 variants were identified. The similar phenotype of these cases, and the clustering of variants that likely result in a truncated protein that disrupts the homeobox domain, suggest that biallelic loss of function for NKX2-6 is a rare genetic etiology for TA in particular, and possibly other types of CHD.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: American journal of medical genetics. Part A
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A subclass of LIM domain proteins that include an additional centrally-located homeodomain region that binds AT-rich sites on DNA. Many LIM-homeodomain proteins play a role as transcriptional regulators that direct cell fate.
A homeobox-containing transcription factor that functions in heart development. Mutations in the NKX2-5 gene are associated with ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECTS and TETRALOGY OF FALLOT.
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Congenital conditions are those which are present from birth. They include structural deformities or loss of function in organs such as the <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->heart, gut or skeletal system. They can be corrected by <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->surgery, m...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
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