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The genomic landscape of 8-oxodG reveals enrichment at specific inherently fragile promoters.

08:00 EDT 21st March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The genomic landscape of 8-oxodG reveals enrichment at specific inherently fragile promoters."

8-Oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) is the most common marker of oxidative stress and its accumulation within the genome has been associated with major human health issues such as cancer, aging, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. The characterization of the different genomic sites where 8-oxodG accumulates and the mechanisms underlying its formation are still poorly understood. Using OxiDIP-seq, we recently derived the genome-wide distribution of 8-oxodG in human non-tumorigenic epithelial breast cells (MCF10A). Here, we identify a subset of human promoters that accumulate 8-oxodG under steady-state condition. 8-oxodG nucleotides co-localize with double strand breaks (DSBs) at bidirectional and CG skewed promoters and their density correlate with RNA Polymerase II co-occupancy and transcription. Furthermore, by performing OxiDIP-seq in quiescent (G0) cells, we found a strong reduction of oxidatively-generated damage in the majority of 8-oxodG-positive promoters in the absence of DNA replication. Overall, our results suggest that the accumulation of 8-oxodG at gene promoters occurs through DNA replication-dependent or -independent mechanisms, with a possible contribution to the formation of cancer-associated translocation events.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Nucleic acids research
ISSN: 1362-4962
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Specific loci that show up during KARYOTYPING as a gap (an uncondensed stretch in closer views) on a CHROMATID arm after culturing cells under specific conditions. These sites are associated with an increase in CHROMOSOME FRAGILITY. They are classified as common or rare, and by the specific culture conditions under which they develop. Fragile site loci are named by the letters "FRA" followed by a designation for the specific chromosome, and a letter which refers to which fragile site of that chromosome (e.g. FRAXA refers to fragile site A on the X chromosome. It is a rare, folic acid-sensitive fragile site associated with FRAGILE X SYNDROME.)

A method for analyzing and mapping differences in the copy number of specific genes or other large sequences between two sets of chromosomal DNA. It is used to look for large sequence changes such as deletions, duplications, or amplifications within the genomic DNA of an individual (with a tumor for example) or family members or population or between species.

A RNA-binding protein that is found predominately in the CYTOPLASM. It helps regulate GENETIC TRANSLATION in NEURONS and is absent or under-expressed in FRAGILE X SYNDROME.

An increased number of contiguous trinucleotide repeats in the DNA sequence from one generation to the next. The presence of these regions is associated with diseases such as FRAGILE X SYNDROME and MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY. Some CHROMOSOME FRAGILE SITES are composed of sequences where trinucleotide repeat expansion occurs.

Contiguous large-scale (1000-400,000 basepairs) differences in the genomic DNA between individuals, due to SEQUENCE DELETION; SEQUENCE INSERTION; or SEQUENCE INVERSION.

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