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Successful Right Atrium-Pulmonary Artery ECMO in an Infant With Severe Necrotizing Pneumonia and Bilateral Bronchopleural Fistula.

08:00 EDT 15th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Successful Right Atrium-Pulmonary Artery ECMO in an Infant With Severe Necrotizing Pneumonia and Bilateral Bronchopleural Fistula."

We report an infant with necrotizing pnuemonia and bilateral broncho pleural fistula, who failed on conventional and high frequency ventilation and was managed successfully on Veno-venous Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenator (V-V ECMO) with a unique configuration for 12 days, and weaned off successfully.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Indian pediatrics
ISSN: 0974-7559
Pages: 269-270

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Placement of a balloon-tipped catheter into the pulmonary artery through the antecubital, subclavian, and sometimes the femoral vein. It is used to measure pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary artery wedge pressure which reflects left atrial pressure and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure. The catheter is threaded into the right atrium, the balloon is inflated and the catheter follows the blood flow through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle and out into the pulmonary artery.

A malformation of the heart in which the embryonic common PULMONARY VEIN was not incorporated into the LEFT ATRIUM leaving behind a perforated fibromuscular membrane bisecting the left atrium, a three-atrium heart. The opening between the two left atrium sections determines the degree of obstruction to pulmonary venous return, pulmonary venous and pulmonary arterial hypertension.

An anomalous pulmonary venous return in which the right PULMONARY VEIN is not connected to the LEFT ATRIUM but to the INFERIOR VENA CAVA. Scimitar syndrome is named for the crescent- or Turkish sword-like shadow in the chest radiography and is often associated with hypoplasia of the right lung and right pulmonary artery, and dextroposition of the heart.

Narrowing below the PULMONARY VALVE or well below it in the infundibuluar chamber where the pulmonary artery originates, usually caused by a defective VENTRICULAR SEPTUM or presence of fibrous tissues. It is characterized by restricted blood outflow from the RIGHT VENTRICLE into the PULMONARY ARTERY, exertional fatigue, DYSPNEA, and chest discomfort.

Diversion of the flow of blood from the entrance to the right atrium directly to the pulmonary arteries, avoiding the right atrium and right ventricle (Dorland, 28th ed). This a permanent procedure often performed to bypass a congenitally deformed right atrium or right ventricle.

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