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MD-PhD Graduates Remain Underrepresented in Orthopaedic Surgery: National MD-PhD Program Outcome Survey Update.

08:00 EDT 21st March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "MD-PhD Graduates Remain Underrepresented in Orthopaedic Surgery: National MD-PhD Program Outcome Survey Update."

With dramatic expansion of the biomedical knowledge base and increasing demands for evidence-based medicine, the role of the clinician-scientist is becoming increasingly important. In orthopaedic surgery, clinician-scientists are at the forefront of translational efforts to address the growing burden of musculoskeletal disease, yet MD-PhD trained investigators have historically been underrepresented in this field. Here, we examine the trend, over time, of MD-PhD graduates pursuing orthopaedic surgery, compared to other specialties. Survey data from the 2018 Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) National MD-PhD Program Outcomes Study, including data on 4,647 individuals who had completed residency training and 2,124 who were still in training, were re-analyzed. Numbers, proportions, workplace choice, and percent research effort of MD-PhD graduates completing orthopaedic surgery were compared with other surgical and non-surgical specialties. Trends over time were analyzed by linear regression. While a decreasing proportion of MD-PhD graduates completed internal medicine training, just 1.1% of MD-PhD graduates completed orthopaedic surgery training, lower than that of all other surgical specialties. The proportion of MD-PhD graduates completing orthopaedic surgery has not increased over time and was mirrored in MD-PhD residents still in training. Though MD-PhDs are increasingly choosing to pursue "non-traditional" specialties, they remain underrepresented in orthopaedic surgery, compared to other clinical disciplines. Thus, there exists an opportunity to encourage MD-PhD graduates to pursue careers in orthopaedic surgery, to supplement the existing intellectual capital in the orthopaedic science workforce. This, along with other strategies to support all orthopaedic surgeon-scientists, will ultimately advance the care of musculoskeletal diseases. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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Name: Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
ISSN: 1554-527X
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