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Mold growth on sausage casing during processing is an important problem in fermented sausages. In this work, sausages were dipped into 1% chitosan (C), 1% thyme essential oil in 1% chitosan (CT), 1% rosemary essential oil in 1% chitosan (CR), 20% potassium sorbate (PS) as chemical antifungal, and 1% acetic acid solution (AA) as chitosan solver, or distilled water (DW) as control after fermentation (at day 4). The changes in microbiological (total viable count, lactic acid bacteria [LAB], Micrococcaceae, Enterobacteriaceae, and mold and yeast counts) and physicochemical attributes of the sausages during 12 days of processing were monitored. As expected, LAB were the most dominant microbiota in fermented sausages and the dipping process did not have any negative effect. Additionally, the treatment with C, CT, and CR suppressed the growth of spoilage microorganisms, which resulted in a significant reduction (P < 0.01) of about 1.4 to 1.6 log CFU/g in Enterobacteriaceae counts at day 12. The C, CT, and CR similarly suppressed the growth of fungi in the interior of the sausages, and the antifungal treatment significantly reduced (P < 0.01) the load of fungi on the casing. Throughout the study, approximately log counts of 3 and 4 in lower molds and yeasts in the casings treated with PS and CR were found, respectively, as compared to DW. Finally, the microbial quality of the end product was notably improved. PRACTICAL
Processing conditions such as high humidity and O in the ripening chamber result in undesirable fungal growth on the casings of the sausages. Fermented sausages are usually treated with weak acids such as sorbic or benzoic acids or their salts to inhibit mold growth during the drying process. However, increasing consumer demand to reduce the use of chemicals encourages the applications of natural antifungals.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of food science
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Mold and yeast inhibitor. Used as a fungistatic agent for foods, especially cheeses.
A dual inhibitor of both cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways. It exerts an anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting the formation of prostaglandins and leukotrienes. The drug also enhances pulmonary hypoxic vasoconstriction and has a protective effect after myocardial ischemia.
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
A linear polysaccharide of beta-1->4 linked units of ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE. It is the second most abundant biopolymer on earth, found especially in INSECTS and FUNGI. When deacetylated it is called CHITOSAN.
Deacetylated CHITIN, a linear polysaccharide of deacetylated beta-1,4-D-glucosamine. It is used in HYDROGEL and to treat WOUNDS.