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Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius, 1794) is a vector of enteric bacteria, protozoa, helminths, and viruses. These Diptera can also be responsible for secondary myiasis in several animal species. Therefore, it is easy to understand the relevance of studies focusing on C. megacephala dissemination control. The employment of essential oils as natural insecticides must be considered as a promising alternative for the replacement of synthetic insecticides. In this context, the essential oil obtained from Chilean boldo leaves should be highlighted. The aim of the present work was to assess the insecticidal activity of Chilean boldo essential oil against C. megacephala blowflies in different life stages (larva, pupa, and adult). The essential oils were extracted from commercial samples of Chilean boldo leaves by hydrodistillation and were mixed to produce a pool that was employed in the study. Gas chromatographic techniques were used to enable the identification and quantification of the pool's components. Larvae, pupae, and adult insects of C. megacephala were exposed (topical application) to different concentrations of this essential oil pool. After that, the larvicidal, pupicidal, and insecticidal actions of the oil were tested. Its toxicity might be associated with compounds such as eucalyptol, linalool, α-pinene, limonene, and ascaridole, either acting alone or by synergic effects. Interestingly, the pupae appeared to be stronger than the larvae and adult insects, needing higher doses of essential oil to be killed. The oil's toxic effects could be useful to control C. megacephala dissemination in all of its development phases.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of medical entomology
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