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We have carried out meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) (n = 23 784) of the first two principal components (PCs) that group together cortical regions with shared variance in their surface area. PC1 (global) captured variations of most regions, whereas PC2 (visual) was specific to the primary and secondary visual cortices. We identified a total of 18 (PC1) and 17 (PC2) independent loci, which were replicated in another 25 746 individuals. The loci of the global PC1 included those associated previously with intracranial volume and/or general cognitive function, such as MAPT and IGF2BP1. The loci of the visual PC2 included DAAM1, a key player in the planar-cell-polarity pathway. We then tested associations with occupational aptitudes and, as predicted, found that the global PC1 was associated with General Learning Ability, and the visual PC2 was associated with the Form Perception aptitude. These results suggest that interindividual variations in global and regional development of the human cerebral cortex (and its molecular architecture) cascade-albeit in a very limited manner-to behaviors as complex as the choice of one's occupation.
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Name: Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991)
The cerebral cortex varies dramatically in size and complexity between amniotes due to differences in neuron number and composition. These differences emerge during embryonic development as a result o...
The resting-state brain is often considered a nonlinear dynamic system transitioning among multiple coexisting stable states. Despite the increasing number of studies on the multistability of the brai...
The arterial oxygen saturation of infants requiring resuscitation can be monitored using a pulse oximeter. However, the device cannot provide information about cerebral oxygenation. Thus, we used a ne...
In a recent issue of Nature, Kanton et al. explore human brain evolution and development by profiling the single-cell transcriptomes and epigenomes of cerebral organoids derived from human, chimpanze...
Sporadic cerebral amyloid angiopathy shows progressive amyloid-β deposition in the wall of small arterioles and capillaries of the leptomeninges and cerebral cortex.
It is thought that altered brain lactate handling is involved in the development of impaired awareness of hypoglycemia (IAH), i.e. the inability to timely detect hypoglycemia in people wit...
Antibiotic resistance is one of the major health threats facing global as well as domestic populations, however it is not well characterized in pediatric patients. Pediatric patients recei...
The study is to explore the molecular mechanisms underlying the occurrence of malignant cerebral edema (cerebral hernia) after large hemispheric infarction. Acute LHI (
Using patients receiving spinal anesthesia as a model to evaluate the treshold value of cerebral oximeter to detect the symptoms of cerebral ischemia
Compare the changes of regional cerebral oxygen saturation during midazolam or dexmedetomidine sedation for spinal anesthesia in the elderly patients who undergoing femur surgery.
The thin layer of gray matter on the surface of the cerebral hemisphere that develops from the telencephalon and folds into gyri. It reaches its highest development in man and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.
Partial or total removal, ablation, or destruction of the cerebral cortex; may be chemical. It is not used with animals that do not possess a cortex, i.e., it is used only with mammals.
A composite area of the cerebral cortex concerned with motor control and sensory perception comprising the motor cortex areas, the somatosensory areas, the gustatory cortex, the olfactory areas, the auditory cortex, and the visual cortex.
A "smooth brain" malformation of the CEREBRAL CORTEX resulting from abnormal location of developing neurons during corticogenesis. It is characterized by an absence of normal convoluted indentations on the surface of the brain (agyria), or fewer and shallower indentations (pachygryia). There is a reduced number of cortical layers, typically 4 instead of 6, resulting in a thickened cortex, and reduced cerebral white matter that is a reversal of the normal ratio of cerebral white matter to cortex.
Bleeding into one or both CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES including the BASAL GANGLIA and the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is often associated with HYPERTENSION and CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...