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Basal and metoclopramide induced prolactin secretion in lean PCOS women.

07:00 EST 23rd December 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Basal and metoclopramide induced prolactin secretion in lean PCOS women."

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) as well as hyperprolactinemia can cause infertility. In retrospective study the prolactin levels during the oral metoclopramide test among lean PCOS woman according to four phenotypes and free androgen index (FAI) were compared. The study population consisted of 314 lean PCOS women. The population was divided into four groups according to the FAI and menstrual cycle regularity. The group A consisted 126 women with FAI≥5 and irregular menstruation, the group B- 53 patients with FAI≥5 and regular menstruation. Group C- 70 patients with FAI<5 and irregular menstruation, group D - 65 patients with FAI<5 and regular menstruation. The ratio of prolactin value in 120th minute in the metoclopramide test to the basal prolactin value was higher in group D than in groups A and B. The prolactin basal concentration was higher in patients with FAI≥5 than in patients with FAI<5, (262.9 vs 228.9 µIU/ml; p<0.001). The ratio of prolactin in 60th minute (12.3 vs 16.7; p=0.006) and in the 120th minute (10.9 versus 13.3; p<0.001) of the metoclopramide test to the basal prolactin were lower in patients with FAI≥5. The prolactin secretion in lean PCOS women may be associated with their FAI.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Neuro endocrinology letters
ISSN: 2354-4716
Pages: 257-262

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A polypeptide hormone of approximately 25 kDa that is produced by the SYNCYTIOTROPHOBLASTS of the PLACENTA, also known as chorionic somatomammotropin. It has both GROWTH HORMONE and PROLACTIN activities on growth, lactation, and luteal steroid production. In women, placental lactogen secretion begins soon after implantation and increases to 1 g or more a day in late pregnancy. Placental lactogen is also an insulin antagonist.

A semisynthetic ergotamine alkaloid that is a dopamine D2 agonist. It suppresses prolactin secretion.

A lactogenic hormone secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). It is a polypeptide of approximately 23 kD. Besides its major action on lactation, in some species prolactin exerts effects on reproduction, maternal behavior, fat metabolism, immunomodulation and osmoregulation. Prolactin receptors are present in the mammary gland, hypothalamus, liver, ovary, testis, and prostate.

Increased levels of PROLACTIN in the BLOOD, which may be associated with AMENORRHEA and GALACTORRHEA. Relatively common etiologies include PROLACTINOMA, medication effect, KIDNEY FAILURE, granulomatous diseases of the PITUITARY GLAND, and disorders which interfere with the hypothalamic inhibition of prolactin release. Ectopic (non-pituitary) production of prolactin may also occur. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch36, pp77-8)

Labile proteins on or in prolactin-sensitive cells that bind prolactin initiating the cells' physiological response to that hormone. Mammary casein synthesis is one of the responses. The receptors are also found in placenta, liver, testes, kidneys, ovaries, and other organs and bind and respond to certain other hormones and their analogs and antagonists. This receptor is related to the growth hormone receptor.

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