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IRE1α endonuclease is a key regulator of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress that controls cell survival/apoptosis in cancers. Inhibition of IRE1α endonuclease leads to decreased splice XBP1 which decreases cell proliferation and increases cell death in cancer cells. Therefore, this study investigated the effects and mechanism of STF-083010 (an IRE1α inhibitor) on the cell growth/apoptosis of ovarian malignant cells via the XBP1-CHOP-Bim pathway following the induction of ER stress (ERS). ERS in OVCAR3 and SKOV3 cells was measured using Thioflavin T staining. The expression of ER stress response genes was evaluated by QRT-PCR. The levels of XBP1(s), PERK, phospho-PERK, p-PP2A, ATF4, BIP/GRP78, CHOP, and Bim proteins were evaluated using western blotting. Cell viability and apoptosis in STF-083010 and Tunicamycin (Tm) co-treated cells were assessed using BrdU, MTT, Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, and caspases-12 and -3 activity assays. The results showed increased XBP1, CHOP, and ATF-4 mRNA expression levels as well as high protein aggregation in STF-083010 and Tm co-treated cells. The IRE1α inhibitor down-regulated sXBP1 and BIP proteins, while XBP-1, p-PERK, ATF-4, CHOP, and Bim proteins were up-regulated. STF-083010 reduced cell proliferation and induced apoptosis through the activation of caspases-12 and -3 and Bax/Bcl-2 protein expression. In summary, the present data revealed the effects of STF-083010 in ER stress and apoptosis as well as signaling via XBP1/CHOP/Bim mediators. Thus, STF-083010 is proposed as a new target for the control of ERS in ovarian cancer cells.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of cell communication and signaling
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A system of cisternae in the CYTOPLASM of many cells. In places the endoplasmic reticulum is continuous with the plasma membrane (CELL MEMBRANE) or outer membrane of the nuclear envelope. If the outer surfaces of the endoplasmic reticulum membranes are coated with ribosomes, the endoplasmic reticulum is said to be rough-surfaced (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, ROUGH); otherwise it is said to be smooth-surfaced (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, SMOOTH). (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
A type of endoplasmic reticulum lacking associated ribosomes on the membrane surface. It exhibits a wide range of specialized metabolic functions including supplying enzymes for steroid synthesis, detoxification, and glycogen breakdown. In muscle cells, smooth endoplasmic reticulum is called SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM.
Intracellular messenger formed by the action of phospholipase C on phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, which is one of the phospholipids that make up the cell membrane. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate is released into the cytoplasm where it releases calcium ions from internal stores within the cell's endoplasmic reticulum. These calcium ions stimulate the activity of B kinase or calmodulin.
Various physiological or molecular disturbances that impair ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM function. It triggers many responses, including UNFOLDED PROTEIN RESPONSE, which may lead to APOPTOSIS; and AUTOPHAGY.
Subcellular structures found in nerve cell bodies and DENDRITES. They consist of granular endoplasmic reticulum (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, ROUGH) and RIBOSOMES.
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