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Renal functional impairment in the elderly, the importance of fasting plasma glucose: the Northern Shanghai Study.

08:00 EDT 21st March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Renal functional impairment in the elderly, the importance of fasting plasma glucose: the Northern Shanghai Study."

Chronic kidney disease is a global health problem that is closely related to the aging population. Although plasma glucose levels have been shown to be related to renal dysfunction, risk factors for renal functional impairment in the geriatric population are unknown. The authors therefore aimed to investigate the determinants of renal functional impairment in an elderly population.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Aging clinical and experimental research
ISSN: 1720-8319
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A pathological state in which BLOOD GLUCOSE level is less than approximately 140 mg/100 ml of PLASMA at fasting, and above approximately 200 mg/100 ml plasma at 30-, 60-, or 90-minute during a GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST. This condition is seen frequently in DIABETES MELLITUS, but also occurs with other diseases and MALNUTRITION.

The amount of PLASMA that perfuses the KIDNEYS per unit time, approximately 10% greater than effective renal plasma flow (RENAL PLASMA FLOW, EFFECTIVE). It should be differentiated from the RENAL BLOOD FLOW; (RBF), which refers to the total volume of BLOOD flowing through the renal vasculature, while the renal plasma flow refers to the rate of plasma flow (RPF).

A test to determine the ability of an individual to maintain HOMEOSTASIS of BLOOD GLUCOSE. It includes measuring blood glucose levels in a fasting state, and at prescribed intervals before and after oral glucose intake (75 or 100 g) or intravenous infusion (0.5 g/kg).

An autosomal inherited disorder due to defective reabsorption of GLUCOSE by the PROXIMAL RENAL TUBULES. The urinary loss of glucose can reach beyond 50 g/day. It is attributed to the mutations in the SODIUM-GLUCOSE TRANSPORTER 2 encoded by the SLC5A2 gene.

The amount of PLASMA flowing to the parts of the KIDNEY that function in the production of urine. It is the amount of plasma perfusing the KIDNEY TUBULES per unit time, generally measured by P-AMINOHIPPURATE clearance. It should be differentiated from RENAL PLASMA FLOW which is approximately 10% greater than the effective renal plasma flow.

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