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MYB Proto-Oncogene Like 2 (MYBL2) is a highly conserved member of the Myb family of transcription factors and plays a critical role in regulating cell proliferation and survival. Here we show that overexpression of MYBL2 is frequently observed in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and significantly correlates with advanced stage and poor patient survival. Knockdown of MYBL2 induced apoptosis in lung cancer cells and resulted in significant inhibition of cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Notably, we identified Non-SMC Condensin I Complex Subunit H (NCAPH) gene as a direct target of MYBL2. NCAPH expression is highly correlated with that of MYBL2 in LUAD cases and is tightly affected by MYBL2 knockdown or overexpression in vitro. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays also showed that MYBL2 directly binds to the transcription start site (TSS) of NCAPH. Moreover, we provided evidence that NCAPH functions as an oncogene in lung cancer and overexpression of NCAPH could partially rescue cell death and migration blockage induced by MYBL2 knockdown. Together, these results suggest that overexpression of MYBL2 promotes proliferation and migration of lung cancer cells via upregulating NCAPH, establishing their roles as novel prognostic biomarkers as well as potential therapeutic targets for the disease.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Molecular and cellular biochemistry
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A basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper (bHLHZ) transcription factor and proto-oncogene protein that functions in cell growth and proliferation. In mammals, it is highly expressed in the brain during embryogenesis and is essential for brain development; it is not expressed in adult tissues. Amplification or overexpression of N-Myc occurs in at least 20% of tumors and is associated with a poor prognosis in cases of NEUROBLASTOMA; ALVEOLAR RHABDOMYOSARCOMA; SMALL CELL LUNG CARCINOMA; and neuroendocrine prostate cancer.
Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.
A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).
Phenomenon of cell-mediated immunity measured by in vitro inhibition of the migration or phagocytosis of antigen-stimulated LEUKOCYTES or MACROPHAGES. Specific CELL MIGRATION ASSAYS have been developed to estimate levels of migration inhibitory factors, immune reactivity against tumor-associated antigens, and immunosuppressive effects of infectious microorganisms.
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
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