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Blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) MRI is a non-invasive diagnostic method for assessing tissue oxygenation level, by changes in the transverse relaxation time T2*. 3D BOLD imaging of lung tumours is challenging, because respiratory motion can lead to significant image quality degradation. The purpose of this work was to explore the feasibility of a three dimensional (3D) Cartesian multi gradient echo (MGRE) sequence for T2* measurements of non-small cell lung tumours during free-breathing. A non-uniform quasi-random reordering of the pahse encoding lines that allocates more sampling points near the k-space origin resulting in efficient undersampling pattern for parallel imaging was combined with multi echo acquisition and self-gating. In a series of three patients 3D T2* maps of lung carcinomas were generated with isotropic spatial resolution and full tumour coverage at air inhalation and after hyperoxic gas challenge in arbitrary respiratory phases using the proposed self-gated MGRE acquisition. The changes in T2* on the inhalation of hyperoxic gas relative to air were quantified. Significant changes in T2* were observed following oxygen inhalation in the tumour (p < 0.02). Thus, the self-gated MGRE sequence can be used for assessment of BOLD signal with isotropic resolution and arbitrary respiratory phases in non-small cell lung cancer.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Physica medica : PM : an international journal devoted to the applications of physics to medicine and biology : official journal of the Italian Association of Biomedical Physics (AIFB)
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A process in which normal lung tissues are progressively replaced by FIBROBLASTS and COLLAGEN causing an irreversible loss of the ability to transfer oxygen into the bloodstream via PULMONARY ALVEOLI. Patients show progressive DYSPNEA finally resulting in death.
NECROSIS of lung tissue that is cause by the lack of OXYGEN or blood supply. The most common cause of pulmonary infarction is a blood clot in the lung.
Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
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Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
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