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The present study used calcium-based magnetic biochar (Ca-MBC), a novel material made through pyrolyzing rice straw impregnated with iron oxide (FeO) and calcium carbonate (CaCO) under oxygen-limited conditions, to reduce arsenic (As) accumulation in rice plants (Oryza sativa L.) through a 130-day pot experiment. The BCR (European Community Bureau of Reference) sequential extraction confirmed that Ca-MBC decreased the unstable fraction of As through transforming to the stable fraction at both tillering stage and maturity. The addition of Ca-MBC decreased while the pristine biochar increased the concentrations of NHHPO- and BCR-extracted As. The μ-XRF test revealed that iron oxide on the Ca-MBC played an important role in decreasing As bioavailability. The addition of Ca-MBC greatly decreased As concentration in rice grains, mainly due to (1) the decreases in bioavailability of As in soil and (2) adsorption of As in pore water by Ca-MBC; and (3) the enhanced formation of iron plaque that acted as a barrier for plant As uptake. Furthermore, the addition of Ca-MBC at 1% but not 2% promoted plant growth. The results suggest that Ca-MBC can be used as an efficient material to lower As accumulation in grains and promote plant growth in rice paddy fields.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of hazardous materials
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