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Organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) have been increasingly utilized as flame retardants in various fields due to the phasing out of polybrominated diphenyl ethers. To achieve a better understanding of the degradation of OPFRs undergoing supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) process, two-dimensional and three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (2D-QSAR and 3D-QSAR) models were established to investigate the factors influencing the total carbon degradation rates (k). Results of the QSAR models demonstrated reliable results to estimate the k values, but varied in the influencing factors. Two distinct degradation mechanisms were subsequently proposed based on the distribution of LUMO in molecules for the 2D-QSAR model. CoMFA and CoMSIA methods were applied to develop the 3D-QSAR models. Steric fields were observed to influence k values more than electrostatic fields in the CoMFA model with the contribution rates of 87.2% and 12.8%, respectively. In the CoMSIA model, influence on k values varies between different types of fields with the hydrophobic field being the most influential at 62.1%, followed by the steric field at 25.7% and then the electrostatic field at 10.8%. Results from this study generated critical knowledge of influencing factors on OPFRs degradation and yielded theoretical basis for estimating removal behaviors of OPFRs undergoing SCWO process.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of hazardous materials
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