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Design, synthesis and structure-activity relationships of novel 15-membered macrolides: Quinolone/quinoline-containing sidechains tethered to the C-6 position of azithromycin acylides.

08:00 EDT 14th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Design, synthesis and structure-activity relationships of novel 15-membered macrolides: Quinolone/quinoline-containing sidechains tethered to the C-6 position of azithromycin acylides."

In the search for novel hybrid molecules by fusing two biologically active scaffolds into one heteromeric chemotype, we found that hybrids of azithromycin and ciprofloxacin/gatifloxacin 26j and 26l can inhibit the supercoiling activity of E. coli gyrase by poisoning it in a way similar to fluoroquinolones. This may modestly contribute to their potencies, which are equal to ciprofloxacin against constitutively resistant Staphylococcus aureus, whose growth is not inhibited by the presence of macrolides. In contrast, introduction of quinolines (the 3-quinoline 26b and the 6-quinoline 26o) with an optimized rigid spacer at the 6-OH of azithromycin acylides did not exert significant potency against constitutively resistant S. aureus, despite the fact that the quinoline-containing compounds, exemplified by 26o, were as active as telithromycin against susceptible, inducibly- and efflux-resistant pathogens. The novel dual modes of action involving protein synthesis inhibition and poisoning DNA replication may pave the way for restoration of antibacterial activities of the current macrolides against constitutively resistant clinical isolates.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: European journal of medicinal chemistry
ISSN: 1768-3254
Pages: 112222

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