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Both nitric oxide (NO) and cold storage have positive effects on the maintenance of fruit quality during storage. However, the roles of NO and storage temperatures in regulating the responses of sphingolipids metabolism to chilling injury of peach fruit during storage remain unknown. Peaches were treated by immersion in distilled water and 15 μmol L NO solution, then stored at 25 °C and 0 °C, respectively. The effects of NO-treatment and storage temperature on the activities of enzymes in sphingolipid metabolism and the contents of sphingolipids in peach fruits were studied. NO maintained higher activities of acid phosphatase (AP) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in peach fruits at 25 °C, but promoted the decrease in the activities of AP and ALP at 0 °C, suggesting the regulation by NO on AP and ALP could be modulated by temperature. Compared with the storage at 25 °C, cold storage at 0 °C decreased the activities of phospholipase A (PLA), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), 3-ketodihydrosphingosine reductase (KDSR), sphingosine kinase (SPHK), ceramide synthase (CERS), ceramide kinase (CERK), and the contents of sphingosine (SPH), ceramide (CER), sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P), sphingomyelin (SM), and increased the activities of phospholipase C (PLC), phospholipase D (PLD), sphingomyelin synthase (SMS). NO significantly increased the contents of sphingolipid metabolites, and the activities of PLA, KDSR, SPHK, CERS, CERK, but decreased the activities of PLC, PLD, SMS of peaches. The results suggested that NO could maintain sphingolipid metabolism to relieve the response of the postharvest fruit to low temperature.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB
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A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
An NADPH-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-ARGININE and OXYGEN to produce CITRULLINE and NITRIC OXIDE.
A CALCIUM-dependent, constitutively-expressed form of nitric oxide synthase found primarily in ENDOTHELIAL CELLS.
A CALCIUM-dependent, constitutively-expressed form of nitric oxide synthase found primarily in NERVE TISSUE.
A CALCIUM-independent subtype of nitric oxide synthase that may play a role in immune function. It is an inducible enzyme whose expression is transcriptionally regulated by a variety of CYTOKINES.