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The cathepsin C, a lysosomal cysteine protease, involves the modulation of immune and inflammatory responses in living organisms. However, the knowledge on cathepsin C in red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii), a freshwater crustacean with economic values, remained unclear. In the present study, we provide identification and molecular characterization of cathepsin C from P. clarkii. (Hereafter Pc-cathepsin C). The Pc-cathepsin C cDNA contained a 1356 bp open reading frame that encoded a protein of 451 amino acid residues. The deduced amino acid sequence comprised of cathepsin C exclusion domain and pept_C1 domain, and also catalytic residues (Cys, His and Asn). Analysis of the transcriptional patterns of the Pc-cathepsin C gene revealed that it was broadly distributed in various tissues of P. clarkii, and it was more abundant in the hepatopancreas and gut. Following a challenge with viral and bacterial pathogen-associated molecular patterns, the expression of Pc-cathepsin C was strongly enhanced at different time points. The knockdown of Pc-cathepsin C, altered the expression of immune-responsive genes, suggesting its immunoregulatory role in P. clarkii. This study has identified and provided the immunoregulatory function of Pc-cathepsin C, which will contribute to further investigation of the molecular mechanism of cathepsin C in crustaceans.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Fish & shellfish immunology
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A superfamily of various freshwater CRUSTACEA, in the infraorder Astacidea, comprising the crayfish. Common genera include Astacus and Procambarus. Crayfish resemble lobsters, but are usually much smaller.
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A ubiquitously-expressed cysteine peptidase that exhibits carboxypeptidase activity. It is highly expressed in a variety of immune cell types and may play a role in inflammatory processes and immune responses.
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A heterogeneous, immature population of myeloid cells that can suppress the activity of T-CELLS and NATURAL KILLER CELLS in the INNATE IMMUNE RESPONSE and ADAPTIVE IMMUNE RESPONSE. They play important roles in ONCOGENESIS; INFLAMMATION; and INFECTION.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...