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Myeloid-derived suppressor cells are essential partners for immune checkpoint inhibitors in the treatment of cisplatin-resistant bladder cancer.

08:00 EDT 18th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Myeloid-derived suppressor cells are essential partners for immune checkpoint inhibitors in the treatment of cisplatin-resistant bladder cancer."

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are one of the key players that contribute to immune evasion. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether MDSCs could be a novel target for the treatment of cisplatin-resistant bladder cancer. We established cisplatin-resistant bladder cancer cell lines (MB49R, MBT-2R, and T24R) and evaluated chemokine expression and MDSC expansion. We also assessed the antitumor effect by depleting MDSCs with or without a α-PD-L1 antibody using MB49R xenograft models. The chemokine expression of CXCL1, CXCL2, and CCL2 increased in cisplatin-resistant cells compared to those in their parent strains. Monocytic MDSCs (Mo-MDSCs) were observed more frequently compared to polymorphonuclear MDSCs (PMN-MDSCs) in MB49R tumors. The immunosuppressive genes arginase 1 and iNOS were comparably expressed in each MDSC subtype. In vivo, combination therapy targeting both PMN- and Mo-MDSCs using α-Gr1 and α-Ly6C antibodies significantly reduced tumor volume with increased infiltration of CD8 T cells in the tumor. Finally, co-targeting pan-MDSCs and PD-L1 remarkably reduced the tumor growth. These findings suggest that targeting MDSCs might enhance the therapeutic effect of immune checkpoint inhibitors in cisplatin-resistant bladder cancers.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Cancer letters
ISSN: 1872-7980
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous, immature population of myeloid cells that can suppress the activity of T-CELLS and NATURAL KILLER CELLS in the INNATE IMMUNE RESPONSE and ADAPTIVE IMMUNE RESPONSE. They play important roles in ONCOGENESIS; INFLAMMATION; and INFECTION.

Stem cells derived from HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS. Derived from these myeloid progenitor cells are the MEGAKARYOCYTES; ERYTHROID CELLS; MYELOID CELLS; and some DENDRITIC CELLS.

A serine/threonine-specific protein kinase which is encoded by the CHEK1 gene in humans. Checkpoint kinase 1 (also known as Chk1) coordinates DNA damage response and cell cycle checkpoint response. Under these conditions, activation of Chk1 results in the initiation of cell cycle checkpoints, cell cycle arrest, DNA repair and cell death, to prevent damaged cells from progressing through the cell cycle.

Clonal expansion of myeloid blasts in bone marrow, blood, and other tissue. Myeloid leukemias develop from changes in cells that normally produce NEUTROPHILS; BASOPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and MONOCYTES.

An extramedullary tumor of immature MYELOID CELLS or MYELOBLASTS. Granulocytic sarcoma usually occurs with or follows the onset of ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA.

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