Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The dopaminergic system has a long history of being associated with reward-related activities but the developmental consequences of blocking dopamine receptor function on reward-based associative learning has been less studied. To this end, male, Long Evans rats were systemically (i.p.) treated with the dopamine receptor (DAr) antagonist, flupenthixol (0.25 mg/kg), or saline, from postnatal day (P)18 - 24 (preadolescence) then trained on an operant conditioning task from P41 - P45 (postadolescent) without drug treatment. The preadolescent flupenthixol group showed elevated active lever responses and locomotor activity during the drug-free test. Another group of rats was given flupenthixol prior to each acquisition session from P41 - 45 which significantly suppressed both active lever presses and locomotor activity. Separate groups of rats were treated with flupenthixol or saline from P18 - 24 then treated with apomorphine or saline on P41 followed by assessment of c-Fos labeling in the nucleus accumbens. Early flupenthixol treatment was associated with more apomorphine-induced c-Fos labeling in the nucleus accumbens shell than the early saline-apomorphine group, indicating a sensitized response. These findings suggest that preadolescent dopamine receptor blockade may lead to a sensitized postadolescent dopaminergic response that underlies enhanced behavioral responses in the presence of rewarding stimuli.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Neuroscience letters
The efficacy of dopamine agonists in treating major depressive disorder has been hypothesized to stem from effects on ventrostriatal dopamine and reward function. However, an important question is whe...
The rostromedial tegmental nucleus (RMTg) receives inputs from the laterodorsal tegmental and pedunculopontine tegmental nuclei, the two principle brainstem cholinergic nuclei. We tested the effects o...
Dopamine (DA) activates mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) via protein kinase A (PKA)/Rap1 in medium spiny neurons (MSNs) expressing the dopamine D1 receptor (D1R) in the nucleus accumbens (NAc),...
The striatum plays a fundamental role in motor learning and reward-related behaviors that are synergistically shaped by populations of D1 dopamine receptor (D1R)- and D2 dopamine receptor (D2R)-expres...
5' UTR polymorphism in the serotonergic receptor HTR3A gene is differently associated with striatal Dopamine D2/D3 receptor availability in the right putamen in Fibromyalgia patients and healthy controls - preliminary evidence.
Extensive literature has investigated the role of serotonin (5-HT) in the control of central dopamine (DA) systems, and their dysfunction in pathological conditions. 5-HT stimulates local DA release i...
The purpose of this study is to determine how the dopamine and opioid system is involved in reward processing, specifically in cue-induced reward responding and reward impulsivity, using d...
This study will assess the role of dopamine responses to food reward in Bulimia Nervosa patients, by performing simultaneous Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and Magnetic Resonance (MR) ...
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder associated with intense fear of weight gain, food refusal, and severe weight loss. AN has the highest mortality rate among the psychiatric disor...
Central dopamine is thought to play a significant role in obesity. In support of this idea, animal studies and one human positron emission tomography (PET) study have found reduced postsyn...
This study aims to disentangle the relative contribution of the anticipatory (food images) versus consummatory (food administration) component of dopamine release to food reward, by perfor...
A dibenzothiazepine and ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENT that targets the SEROTONIN 5-HT2 RECEPTOR; HISTAMINE H1 RECEPTOR, adrenergic alpha1 and alpha2 receptors, as well as the DOPAMINE D1 RECEPTOR and DOPAMINE D2 RECEPTOR. It is used in the treatment of SCHIZOPHRENIA; BIPOLAR DISORDER and DEPRESSIVE DISORDER.
A tricylic dibenzodiazepine, classified as an atypical antipsychotic agent. It binds several types of central nervous system receptors, and displays a unique pharmacological profile. Clozapine is a serotonin antagonist, with strong binding to 5-HT 2A/2C receptor subtype. It also displays strong affinity to several dopaminergic receptors, but shows only weak antagonism at the dopamine D2 receptor, a receptor commonly thought to modulate neuroleptic activity. Agranulocytosis is a major adverse effect associated with administration of this agent.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate DOPAMINE RECEPTORS, thereby blocking the actions of dopamine or exogenous agonists. Many drugs used in the treatment of psychotic disorders (ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENTS) are dopamine antagonists, although their therapeutic effects may be due to long-term adjustments of the brain rather than to the acute effects of blocking dopamine receptors. Dopamine antagonists have been used for several other clinical purposes including as ANTIEMETICS, in the treatment of Tourette syndrome, and for hiccup. Dopamine receptor blockade is associated with NEUROLEPTIC MALIGNANT SYNDROME.
An antipsychotic agent that is structurally related to piperazines and quinolones. It is a partial agonist of SEROTONIN RECEPTOR, 5-HT1A and DOPAMINE D2 RECEPTORS, where it also functions as a post-synaptic antagonist, and an antagonist of SEROTONIN RECEPTOR, 5-HT2A.
A substituted benzamide that has antipsychotic properties. It is a dopamine D2 receptor (see RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE D2) antagonist.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
Mergers & Acquisitions
Commercial and market reports on mergers and acquisitions in the biotechnology, pharmaceutical, medical device and life-science industries. Mergers and acquisitions (abbreviated M&A;) is an aspect of corporate strategy, corporate finance and manageme...