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Genomic landscape of transcriptionally active histone arginine methylation marks, H3R2me2s and H4R3me2a, relative to nucleosome depleted regions.

08:00 EDT 18th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Genomic landscape of transcriptionally active histone arginine methylation marks, H3R2me2s and H4R3me2a, relative to nucleosome depleted regions."

Protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) and the product of this enzyme (histone H4 asymmetrically dimethylated at Arg 3; H4R3me2a) are important in the establishment and maintenance of chicken and murine erythrocyte transcriptionally active chromatin. Silencing the expression of PRMT1 results in loss of acetylated histones H3 and H4 and methylated H3K4 and prevents erythropoiesis. Here, we show that H4R3me2a and the PRMT5-catalyzed histone H3 symmetrically dimethylated at Arg 2 (H3R2me2s) locate largely to introns of expressed genes and intergenic regions, with both marks co-localizing in the chicken polychromatic erythrocyte genome. H4R3me2a and H3R2me2s were associated with histone marks of active promoters and enhancers, as well as with the body of genes that have an atypical chromatin structure, with nucleosome depleted regions. H4R3me2a co-localized with acetylated H3K27. Previous studies have shown that PRMT1 was bound to CBP/p300, suggesting a role of PRMT1-mediated H4R3me2a in CBP/p300 recruitment and H3K27 acetylation. Moreover, PRMT1 might be a key enzyme affected when S-adenosyl methionine levels are reduced in metabolic disorders.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Gene
ISSN: 1879-0038
Pages: 144593

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The variable phenotypic expression of a GENE depending on whether it is of paternal or maternal origin, which is a function of the DNA METHYLATION pattern. Imprinted regions are observed to be more methylated and less transcriptionally active. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)

The larger of two types of nuclei in ciliate protozoans. It is the transcriptionally active nucleus of the vegetative cells as distinguished from the smaller transcriptionally inert GERMLINE MICRONUCLEUS.

The smaller, reproductive, transcriptionally inert nucleus in the cells of ciliate protozoans, as distinguished from the larger, vegetative, transcriptionally active MACRONUCLEUS. Micronuclei participate in MEIOSIS and autogamy during GENETIC CONJUGATION.

Enzymes that catalyze the methylation of arginine residues of proteins to yield N-mono- and N,N-dimethylarginine. This enzyme is found in many organs, primarily brain and spleen.

A histone-lysine N-methyltransferase and catalytic subunit of Polycomb Repressive Complex 2. It methylates LYSINE 9 (H3K9me) and LYSINE 27 (H3K27me) of HISTONE H3, leading to transcriptional repression of the affected target gene. EZH2 also methylates non-histone proteins such as GATA4 TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR and the nuclear receptor RORA. It regulates CIRCADIAN CLOCKS via histone methylation at the PROMOTER REGIONS of the circadian genes and its repressive activity is also important for the identity and differentiation of EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS.

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