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Despite improvements in first-line treatment of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), the outcome of relapsed T-ALL remains dismal with less than 7% achieving a long-term survival. Thus, there is an unmet need for new treatment strategies to improve outcomes in this setting. Suppression of apoptosis is one of the hallmarks of anticancer drug resistance. Hence, over the past few years, antiapoptotic proteins have become an attractive target for therapeutic intervention in several hematologic malignancies. Venetoclax (ABT-199) is a novel, orally bioavailable small-molecule inhibitor of B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2), a key regulator of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. Recent preclinical studies have suggested that inhibition of BCL-2 may be a novel therapeutic strategy for patients with T-ALL. Herein, we report a case of clinical response to venetoclax in combination with a hypomethylating agent in a patient with relapsed T-ALL after allogeneic stem cell transplant and review the existing literature.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Hematology/oncology and stem cell therapy
Patients with relapsed or refractory (R/R) T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (T-ALL) have dismal outcomes. Preclinical studies have suggested that T-ALL cells are sensitive to BCL2 inhibiti...
Immunotherapies targeting CD19 (blinatumomab) and CD22 (inotuzumab ozogamicin) have demonstrated higher complete response rates and improved survival compared with chemotherapy in relapsed/refractory ...
Our previous studies have demonstrated that a previously unrecognized role of CFTR in hematopoiesis and acute leukemia. Here, we show that CFTR inhibitor CFTR-inh172 possesses ability to inhibit human...
Blinatumomab, a bispecific T-cell-engaging (BiTE®) immuno-oncology therapy, demonstrated superior overall survival versus standard-of-care chemotherapy (SOC) in adults with relapsed/refractory B-cell...
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is associated with poor outcomes, especially in older patients in whom the disease is most common. B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) is an antiapoptotic protein involved in the su...
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if venetoclax in combination with decitabine can help to control acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (HR...
This dose-escalating study is to determine the safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of venetoclax in combination with navitoclax and chemotherapy in adult and pediatric parti...
This phase Ib/II clinical trial studies the side effects and best dose of venetoclax and how well it works when given together with vincristine liposomal in treating patients with T-cell o...
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of venetoclax and how well it works in combination with low-intensity chemotherapy in patients with B- or T-cell acute lymphobl...
The main purpose of this study is to learn about the safety and tolerability of an experimental drug, Venetoclax, when it is given along with Decitabine in subjects diagnosed with acute my...
A pyrimidine nucleoside analog that is used mainly in the treatment of leukemia, especially acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia. Cytarabine is an antimetabolite antineoplastic agent that inhibits the synthesis of DNA. Its actions are specific for the S phase of the cell cycle. It also has antiviral and immunosuppressant properties. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p472)
A leukemia/lymphoma found predominately in children and adolescents and characterized by a high number of lymphoblasts and solid tumor lesions. Frequent sites involve LYMPH NODES, skin, and bones. It most commonly presents as leukemia.
A tyrosine kinase inhibitor and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that inhibits the BCR-ABL kinase created by chromosome rearrangements in CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA and ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA, as well as PDG-derived tyrosine kinases that are overexpressed in gastrointestinal stromal tumors.
An acute leukemia exhibiting cell features characteristic of both the myeloid and lymphoid lineages and probably arising from MULTIPOTENT STEM CELLS.
A leukemia/lymphoma found predominately in children and young adults and characterized LYMPHADENOPATHY and THYMUS GLAND involvement. It most frequently presents as a lymphoma, but a leukemic progression in the bone marrow is common.
Leukemia is a type of cancer of the blood or bone marrow characterized by an abnormal increase of immature white blood cells called "blasts". Leukemia is a broad term covering a spectrum of diseases. In turn, it is part of the even broader grou...