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Anaplasma species are obligate intracellular pathogens that threaten the health of both humans and animals worldwide. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Anaplasma species in stray dogs in Anhui Province, China. Blood samples from 201 apparently healthy stray dogs were collected from August 2017 to January 2018, and Anaplasma spp. infection in these dogs was evaluated by nested PCR and phylogenetic analysis. The overall infection rate of Anaplasma spp. in stray dogs was 38.3% (77/201). The prevalences of single infection of A. platys, A. phagocytophilum and A. ovis were 15.4%, 11.9%, and 8.5%, respectively. Co-infection rate of A. platys and A. phagocytophilum was 1.5% and that of A. platys and A. ovis was 0.5%. Co-infection by these three pathogens was found in one sample (0.5%). This is the first report of Anaplasma spp. infections in stray dogs from Anhui, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta tropica
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A species of gram-negative bacteria and causative agent of severe bovine ANAPLASMOSIS. It is the most pathogenic of the ANAPLASMA species.
A genus of gram-negative bacteria whose organisms are obligate parasites of vertebrates. Species are transmitted by arthropod vectors with the host range limited to ruminants. Anaplasma marginale is the most pathogenic species and is the causative agent of severe bovine anaplasmosis.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus ANAPLASMA, family ANAPLASMATACEAE, formerly called Ehrlichia phagocytophila or Ehrlichia equi. This organism is tick-borne (IXODES) and causes disease in horses and sheep. In humans, it causes human granulocytic EHRLICHIOSIS.
A tick-borne disease characterized by FEVER; HEADACHE; myalgias; ANOREXIA; and occasionally RASH. It is caused by several bacterial species and can produce disease in DOGS; CATTLE; SHEEP; GOATS; HORSES; and humans. The primary species causing human disease are EHRLICHIA CHAFFEENSIS; ANAPLASMA PHAGOCYTOPHILUM; and Ehrlichia ewingii.
Infection with nematodes of the genus DIROFILARIA, usually in animals, especially dogs, but occasionally in man.
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Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) uses the ability of DNA polymerase (enzymes that create DNA molecules by assembling nucleotides, the building blocks of DNA. These enzymes are essential to DNA replication and usually work in pairs to create two ident...