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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a clinical syndrome characterized by hyperandrogenism, oligo/anovulation, and polycystic ovary. Autophagy is an intracellular system that degrades cytosolic proteins and organelles. The relationship between autophagy and PCOS has not been clarified. We found that p62 and ubiquitin were significantly increased in theca cells of women with PCOS using immunohistochemistry. Autophagy inhibition by palmitic acid and chloroquine in bovine theca cells increased p62 and ubiquitin and induced the expression of cytochrome P450 17A1 (CYP17A1) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) mRNA. Furthermore, palmitic acid and chloroquine exposure significantly increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activated p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). Inhibition of p38 and JNK significantly reduced CYP17A1 and PAI-1 mRNA expression. We showed that inhibition of autophagy in theca cells may have contributed to the pathogenesis of PCOS, based on CYP17A1 and PAI-1 mRNA expression via the ROS/p38 and JNK signalling pathways.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Molecular and cellular endocrinology
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The flattened stroma cells forming a sheath or theca outside the basal lamina lining the mature OVARIAN FOLLICLE. Thecal interstitial or stromal cells are steroidogenic, and produce primarily ANDROGENS which serve as precusors of ESTROGENS in the GRANULOSA CELLS.
An autophagy related protein that is similar to UBIQUITIN-ACTIVATING ENZYME E1. It functions in CYTOPLASM to VACUOLE transport (Cvt) and AUTOPHAGY by activating ATG12 PROTEIN for its conjugation with ATG5 PROTEIN, as well as the conjugation of ATG8 FAMILY PROTEINS with phosphatidylethanolamine for ATG8 association to Cvt vesicles and AUTOPHAGOSOME membranes. It is also required for the nitrogen starvation response in yeast, MITOPHAGY; and autophagic cell death induced by CASPASE 8 inhibition.
A gonadal stromal neoplasm composed only of THECA CELLS, occurring mostly in the postmenopausal OVARY. It is filled with lipid-containing spindle cells and produces ESTROGENS that can lead to ENDOMETRIAL HYPERPLASIA; UTERINE HEMORRHAGE; or other malignancies in postmenopausal women and sexual precocity in girls. When tumors containing theca cells also contain FIBROBLASTS, they are identified as thecoma-fibroma tumors with less active hormone production.
A soluble factor produced by activated T-LYMPHOCYTES that induces the expression of MHC CLASS II GENES and FC RECEPTORS on B-LYMPHOCYTES and causes their proliferation and differentiation. It also acts on T-lymphocytes, MAST CELLS, and several other hematopoietic lineage cells.
PROGESTERONE-producing cells in the CORPUS LUTEUM. The large luteal cells derive from the GRANULOSA CELLS. The small luteal cells derive from the THECA CELLS.
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