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Insecticidal proteins from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) can provide safe and effective control of some major pests, but evolution of resistance by pests diminishes these benefits. Better understanding of the genetics and mechanisms of resistance is urgently needed to improve methods for monitoring, managing, and countering pest resistance to Bt toxins. Here we used CRISPR-mediated knockouts to evaluate the role of five genes encoding candidate Bt toxin receptors in Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm), a devastating pest of vegetable, field and flower crops. We compared susceptibility to Bt toxins Cry1Ac, Cry1Fa, and Cry1Ca between the parent susceptible strain and each of five strains homozygous for the knockout of one of the candidate genes (SeAPN1, SeCad1, SeABCC1, SeABCC2 or SeABCC3). The results from the 15 pairwise comparisons reveal that SeABCC2 has a major role and SeCad1 a minor role in mediating toxicity of Cry1Ac and Cry1Fa. SeABCC2 also has a minor role in toxicity of Cry1Ca. In addition, the results imply little or no role for the other three candidate receptors in toxicity of Cry1Ac or Cry1Fa; or for the four candidate receptors other than SeABCC2 in toxicity of Cry1Ca.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Insect biochemistry and molecular biology
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