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Acrolein contributes to urothelial carcinomas in patients with chronic kidney disease.

08:00 EDT 18th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Acrolein contributes to urothelial carcinomas in patients with chronic kidney disease."

Urothelial carcinomas (UCs) are highly prevalent in patients with end-stage renal disease. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the predecessor of end-stage renal disease, and it is also associated with UC. However, the interplay between CKD and UC lacks solid evidence. Acrolein is produced by polyamines and has been suggested to be the uremic "toxin." The level of acrolein correlates well with chronic renal failure. We recently found that acrolein-induced DNA damage and inhibited DNA repair in urothelial cells, which contribute to bladder cancer. Therefore, we hypothesize that acrolein is involved in the formation of UC in patients with CKD.

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Name: Urologic oncology
ISSN: 1873-2496
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)

Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.

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A chronic inflammatory condition of the KIDNEY resulting in diffuse renal destruction, a grossly enlarged and nonfunctioning kidney associated with NEPHROLITHIASIS and KIDNEY STONES.

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