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A lignin-biochar with high acidic oxygen-containing groups was produced via a facile simultaneous oxidization and carbonization of pulping lignin by using sulfuric acid for the first time. The lignin-biochars were investigated by C NMR, FTIR and XPS, and results demonstrated that treatment by sulfuric acid could oxidize part of aromatic ring side chain to introduce high acidic oxygen-containing group, especially carboxyl group. Their total acidic oxygen-containing groups of lignin-biochar including COOH and Ar-OH reached 8.64 mmol/g. Adsorption experiments were carried and the maximum adsorption capacity of lignin-biochar for Pb reached 679 mg/g, which was significantly higher than other lignin-based or carbon adsorbents. Moreover, it could maintain high removal rate at high adsorption capacity. It also demonstrated that adsorption capability was proportional to the accessible carboxyl groups.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioresource technology
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The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A copper-containing oxidoreductase enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of 4-benzenediol to 4-benzosemiquinone. It also has activity towards a variety of O-quinols and P-quinols. It primarily found in FUNGI and is involved in LIGNIN degradation, pigment biosynthesis and detoxification of lignin-derived products.
Metalloproteins that function as oxygen transport proteins in the HEMOLYMPH of MOLLUSKS and ARTHROPODS. They are characterized by two copper atoms, coordinated with HISTIDINE residues, that reversibly bind a single oxygen molecule; they do not contain HEME groups.
High molecular weight (1,500,000 to 3,000,000) hemoglobins found in the plasma of many polychete and oligochete annelid worms and various mollusks. They bind one mole of oxygen per heme and function as oxygen carriers.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)