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Block copolymers of poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(acrylic acid) linked with metronidazole (MN-PAA-PEG) were prepared via carbodiimide and esterification methods, and self-assembled into core-shell micelles as nano radiosensitizers and carriers of doxorubicin (DOX) delivery. These DOX/MN-PAA-PEG micelles exhibited good pH value and hypoxia dual-responsive properties via analyzing the change of micelle size and drug‒release behavior under hypoxia humor condition. The results of the cell test indicated that DOX was efficiently delivered by DOX/MN-PAA-PEG micelles into the cell nuclei. Compared to 22.4 % of their DOX release under pH 7.4, the rate of DOX release from DOX/MN-PAA-PEG micelles under reducing condition (pH 5.0) was up to 55.9 %. DOX-loaded micelles under 600 MU electron radiation and hypoxia induced the rapidest apoptosis of the tumor-cells, indicating the synergistic effect of their radiotherapy and chemotherapy from the prepared micelles. In vivo investigation and fluorescence imaging revealed that MN-PAA-PEG possessed no toxicity on main organs, and DOX/MN-PAA-PEG micelles were mainly accumulated in the tumor site at 10 h of post-injection, suggesting their good passive tumor-targeted effect. These results suggested that DOX/MN-PAA-PEG micelles were promising candidates for chemoradiotherapy on tumor.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
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A copolymer of polyethylene and polypropylene ether glycol. It is a non-ionic polyol surface-active agent used medically as a fecal softener and in cattle for prevention of bloat.
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Particles consisting of aggregates of molecules held loosely together by secondary bonds. The surface of micelles are usually comprised of amphiphatic compounds that are oriented in a way that minimizes the energy of interaction between the micelle and its environment. Liquids that contain large numbers of suspended micelles are referred to as EMULSIONS.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...