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Isolation of Trametes hirsuta La-7 with high laccase-productivity and its application in metabolism of 17β-estradiol.

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Summary of "Isolation of Trametes hirsuta La-7 with high laccase-productivity and its application in metabolism of 17β-estradiol."

Estrogens, which are extensive in the eco-environments, are a category of high-toxic emerging contaminants that induce metabolic disorders and even carcinogenic risks in wildlife and humans. Here we investigate whether fungus-secreted laccase can be used as a green catalyst to eliminate a representative estrogen, 17β-estradiol (E2). A white-rot fungus Trametes hirsuta La-7 with high laccase-productivity, was isolated from pig manure-contaminated soil. Extracellular laccase activity expressed by strain La-7 was 65.4 U·mL for a 3 d inoculation under the optimal fermentation parameters. The concentrated-crude laccase from Trametes hirsuta La-7 (CC-ThLac) was capable of effectively metabolizing E2 at pH 4-6, and the apparent pseudo first-order reaction rate constant and half-life values were respectively 0.027-0.055 min and 25.86-12.67 min (R > 0.98). The mass measurement of high-resolution mass spectrometry in combination with C-isotope labeling identified that the main by-products of E2 metabolism were dimers, trimers, and tetramers, which are consistent with radical-driven C-C and/or C-O-C covalent coupling pathway, involving the initial enzymatic production of phenoxy radical intermediates and then the successive oxidative-oligomerization of radical intermediates. The formation of oligomers dramatically reduced the estrogenic activity of E2. Additionally, CC-ThLac also exhibited high-efficiency metabolism capability toward E2 in the natural water and pig manure, with more than 94.4% and 91.0% of E2 having been metabolized, respectively. These findings provide a broad prospect for the clean biotechnological applications of Trametes hirsuta La-7 in estrogen-contaminated ecosystems.

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Name: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
ISSN: 1873-6424
Pages: 114381

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