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A novel carotenoids-producing marine bacterium from noble scallop Chlamys nobilis and antioxidant activities of its carotenoid compositions.

08:00 EDT 16th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A novel carotenoids-producing marine bacterium from noble scallop Chlamys nobilis and antioxidant activities of its carotenoid compositions."

Marine bacteria produce many bioactive compounds, including carotenoids. However, the quality of bacterium carotenoids is relatively unknown. Therefore, in this study, a novel carotenoids-producing bacterium Brevundimonas scallop Zheng & Liu was isolated from Chlamys nobilis. The genome of the isolate was analyzed, carotenoid compounds were screened using HPLC-MS and the carotenoid production in B. scallop was monitored. The results revealed that the genome of B. scallop contained a carotenoid synthesis gene cluster, which involved in astaxanthin and hydroxy-astaxanthin biosynthesis. The 2,2'-dihydroxy-astaxanthin was the major carotenoid produced by B. scallop. The optimum culture condition for the highest carotenoids production (1303.62 ± 61.06 µg/g dry cells) for B. scallop was at temperature and salinity of 20 °C and 3% salt, respectively, in 10 g/L glucose as carbon source. The results showed the B. scallop is a new carotenoids resource in marine bivalve, which has an excellent antioxidative activity and potential industrial use.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Food chemistry
ISSN: 1873-7072
Pages: 126629

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A species of bacterium of the family NOCARDIACEAE, producing pulmonary infections in man.

The phenomenon by which a temperate phage incorporates itself into the DNA of a bacterial host, establishing a kind of symbiotic relation between PROPHAGE and bacterium which results in the perpetuation of the prophage in all the descendants of the bacterium. Upon induction (VIRUS ACTIVATION) by various agents, such as ultraviolet radiation, the phage is released, which then becomes virulent and lyses the bacterium.

A rod-shaped bacterium surrounded by a sheath-like structure which protrudes balloon-like beyond the ends of the cell. It is thermophilic, with growth occurring at temperatures as high as 90 degrees C. It is isolated from geothermally heated marine sediments or hot springs. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)

The transfer of bacterial DNA by phages from an infected bacterium to another bacterium. This also refers to the transfer of genes into eukaryotic cells by viruses. This naturally occurring process is routinely employed as a GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUE.

Oxygenated forms of carotenoids. They are usually derived from alpha and beta carotene.

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