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Enrichment of the hyperaccumulator bank is important for phytoremediation, and studying new hyperaccumulators has become a research hotspot. In this study, cadmium (Cd), the main representative factor of heavy-metal-polluted water, was the research object, and the Cd bioenrichment ability and tolerance of Myriophyllum aquaticum were studied for the first time. The experiment was conducted for 28 days by establishing experimental groups with different Cd concentrations (0, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 mg/L). The results show that M. aquaticum is a new Cd hyperaccumulator. There was no notable damage in the 40 mg/L Cd treatment group, and the Cd enrichment ability of M. aquaticum reached 17,970 ± 1020.01 mg/kg, while the bioconcentration factor (BCF) reached 449.25. At the same time, the antioxidant system (superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD)) and proline (Pro) levels of M. aquaticum maintained normal plant physiology, but there were physiological anomalies in M. aquaticum at high concentrations and under long-term treatment. The results show that M. aquaticum has a high Cd bioenrichment ability and tolerance in water and can be used for phytoremediation of river water polluted by Cd.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Ecotoxicology and environmental safety
As a floating plant, Myriophyllum aquaticum provides a large surface area under water, and thus has high potential for the removal of pollutants through adsorption. The aim of this study was to evalua...
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Unstable isotopes of cadmium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cd atoms with atomic weights 103-105, 107, 109, 115, and 117-119 are radioactive cadmium isotopes.
Inorganic compounds that contain cadmium as an integral part of the molecule.
Poisoning occurring after exposure to cadmium compounds or fumes. It may cause gastrointestinal syndromes, anemia, or pneumonitis.
An element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 114. It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING.
A cadmium halide in the form of colorless crystals, soluble in water, methanol, and ethanol. It is used in photography, in dyeing, and calico printing, and as a solution to precipitate sulfides. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)